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British Wines

When people think of fine wines, English wines may not be the first to come to mind. However, there are many notable English wines, and the British wine industry has grown in recent years due in large part to a warming trend that has created a more suitable climate for grape growing. In recent years, the English wine industry has seen a great deal of enthusiastic innovation and is beginning to reap the rewards, both in sales and in international accolades. Many English vintners are also producing organic and sustainable wine varieties. In fact, in 2005 an English vineyard called RidgeView vineyard won the award for Best Sparkling Wine in the 2005 International Wine and Spirit Competition, besting entrants from the world over. Classifying English Wines Wine that is grown in the United Kingdom is generally classified as either English wine or Welsh wine. Wines that are termed British wines tend to carry a connotation of being of an inferior grade, thus this moniker is not used for the finer vintages produced in the British Isles. (The term “British wine” usually refers to a fermented beverage made of imported grape juice.) English wines are generally categorized as either quality wines or table wines, with the latter being subject to less-stringent controls and quality. British Winemaking Regions Winemaking has traditionally been more of a challenge in England given the cold, damp climate of the United Kingdom. English vineyards and wineries are concentrated in southern counties, with 350 vineyards in England and 17 vineyards in Wales accounted for in the most recent official count. Types of British Wines: White Wines White wine grapes reign supreme in British vineyards and wineries. English whites have a high level of acidity and are considered very fruity and floral. Seyval Blanc is the most commonly grown variety in the United Kingdom. Seyval Blanc is a hybrid grape used for white wine. Reichensteiner, also a white wine grape, is the second most popular grape grown in Britain. This variety is also grown in Germany, where it was first grown in 1939. Given its high sugar content, Reichensteiner is particularly suited to cold weather. The third most popular English grape is M”ller-Thurgau. Bacchus, another white wine grape that is a cross between Rivaner, Silvaner and Riesling, comes in fourth. Other widely grown varieties of white grape include: Chardonnay Huxelrebe Madeleine Angevine Sch

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Types Of Wine

The variety of wines available to enjoy is practically endless. Some of the major wine types available include: blush fruit/country non-alcoholic red sparkling white. A description of different types of wine begins with classification. Wines of all types can be classified by either the primary grape variety or the region where the grapes were grown. Wines classified by the type of grape they contain are called varietals and wines classified by the growing region are named for the region itself. Even within types of wine there is a great variety of flavor and texture, due to the climate of growing regions. A warm, wet year will produce grapes with a different flavor than a cooler, dryer growing season. This is why some labels and years are more valuable than others. Types of Red Wine Red wine comes from black grapes. The grapes are fermented whole, with the skin and pips intact. These wines can be light or sweet, refreshing or mellow. Here are some of the major types of red wine: Barbera: This grape is similar to Merlot, but not as well known. Barbera wines go well with many dishes, including those prepared with tomato sauce. Their taste is similar to black cherry and plum fruit, with a silky texture. Cabernet Sauvignon: Considered one of the world”s best varieties of grape, Cabernet Sauvignon is often paired with Cabernet Franc and Merlot. It is often served with red meat and has a full-bodied flavor. Merlot: Merlot wines are considered “easy to drink” and are a good introduction to red wines. They can be served with any type of food and have a rough, tannic flavor. Pinot Noir: These grapes are difficult to grow and are rarely blended with other varieties. They are often served with chicken, lamb and salmon. The taste of Pinot Noir wines is delicate and fresh, with a fruity aroma and earthy notes. Syrah or Shiraz: Syrah and Shiraz are both names for the same variety of grape. These red wines go well with beef, steak, stew and wild game. The taste is fruity with black pepper/roast meat overtones and gripping tannins. Zinfandel: Considered the world”s most versatile grape, Zinfandel is used to make wines from blushes to rich, heavy reds. Depending of the heaviness of a particular Zinfandel wine, it may be served with pasta in tomato sauce, pizza or meat. Zinfandel has a zesty berry and pepper flavor. Types of White Wine Since all grape juice starts out colorless, white wines can be made from white or black grapes. Flavors of white wines can range from very dry to sweet and golden. The five main types of white wine are: Chardonnay: This popular grape can be made into sparkling or still wine. It goes well with fish and chicken dishes. Chardonnay has a wide-bodied, velvety citrus flavor. When fermented in a new oak barrel, it has a buttery tone that can resemble coconut, toast, toffee or vanilla. Gewurztraminer: Wine made from this aromatic grape is often […]

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