Researchers have revealed that wine was most likely discovered between 4000 B.C. and 3000 B.C. in the Persian Gulf and Nile River area. Like many other human discoveries, the discovery of wine was most likely a happy accident.
Early Egyptians may have drunk white wines that were stomped and fermented in vats. Today, white wines are enjoyed with food or alone just for their tastes.
Why Wine is White
Unlike many people believe, wine color is not determined by the color of the grapes used. The skins of grapes are added to the wine fermentation process to give red wines their color. White wines are clear because skins are not used when fermenting them.
Types of White Wine Grapes: Varietals
White wines can be made from many types of grapes. If a wine made in the United States, New Zealand, Australia or South America consists at least 75 percent of a given grape, the wine can be labeled with the grape”s name and is considered a varietal.
In other words, a California Chardonnay can only be labeled “Chardonnay” if at least 75 percent of the juice comes from Chardonnay grapes. Most European white wine standards are a little stricter, requiring 85 percent of the type of varietal grape to be used.
Below is a table of white wine varietals:
|Chardonnay||Chardonnay||Butter, apple, pineapple, smoke, orange||France, California, Australia|
|Chenin Blanc||Chenin Blanc||Honey, cantaloupe, grass||France, California, South Africa, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Australia, New Zealand|